Cold winter rain, snow, fog, and other bad weather, the road has become more complex. Therefore, driving drivers should always pay attention to the vehicle’s maintenance—the following ten common-sense maintenance to help you safely through the winter.
Such as driving north, in the northern region, if you go out early in the morning to find the wiper is snow sticking to the windshield, do not use hot water to flush directly, which is easy to make the window because of temperature changes and blow up wiper deformation. Instead, the correct method should be to open the air conditioning to hot air, blowing the mode for the front windshield, and wiping naturally open.
Two: cooling system
Winter to regularly check whether the water tank, water pump and belt, water pipe, water replenishment tank, and other parts are working correctly, such as damage or failure, need to repair or replace in a timely manner. Otherwise, you may waste a bucket of antifreeze for a small water pipe. In particular, some cars have high water temperature in the summer, the repair staff will remove the thermostat, although it can solve the problem in the summer, to the reverse in the winter.
Three: warm air
Put a summer of warm air, often fail, you need first to try whether there is hot air, fan operation has no strange sound, whether the air duct is smooth. Sometimes, the antifreeze in the warm air hose does not flow for a long time. Condensation blocked the circulation line; although it does not affect the car, the repair is very troublesome.
Many southern drivers generally do not have the habit of checking the antifreeze, but we should pay attention when driving to the northern regions. Check whether there is a lack of fluid, there is no deterioration, if necessary, timely replenishment or replacement. Antifreeze may seem like a small thing, but the impact on the car is very big. The light is blocking the pipeline. The heavy is corrosion damage to the block. So choose carefully and cautiously with antifreeze. One is not to mix, and the second is not to use counterfeit products. In addition, in general, antifreeze should be changed once every two years, before replacing the cooling system needs to be flushed clean with water.
Five: motor oil
Check whether the mark is low temperature. There is no lack or deterioration. Cold car oil is too thick in winter, which will affect the start but also increase the wear and tear of the machine parts. At the same time, hot car oil is too thin will reduce lubrication and sealing performance. Choose a high-quality compound oil suitable for winter. If it comes to or near the specified oil change time, you need to change it before the weather gets cold.
Windshield to keep clear is the basic condition for safe driving. Winter should be regularly scrubbed wipers, rainy days to ensure that the windshield can be scraped clean. In addition, the glass water can add some windshield de-icer. Windshield ice, the glass water sprayed on, the ice can be melted, unlike ordinary glass water, the more spray, the more trouble when icing.
Before the winter, you need to add a layer of protective film to the body of the car. Teflon polymer paint coating or mirror glaze can resist the erosion of acid rain and fog. Driving to the northern regions, encountering snow road sprinkling saltwater, splashing on the saltwater body is very harmful to the car paint, pay attention to cleaning.
In winter, the car chassis always directly deal with rain. It is easy to rust. Flying tires will throw mud and water into the car chassis. After the rain, the undercarriage of the car will start to rust. Therefore, you need to spend some time before winter to do rust care for the chassis.
The battery is most afraid of low temperature. The battery capacity in a low-temperature environment is much lower than the capacity at room temperature. Therefore, before the cold season comes, you should replenish the battery electrolyte and adjust the specific gravity of the electrolyte. At the same time, clean the battery terminals and coated with special grease to protect, to ensure a reliable start and extend the life of the battery. If the vehicle is parked in the open air or cold storage for several weeks, the battery should be removed and stored in a warmer room to prevent the battery from freezing and damage.
Tire rubber will become hard and relatively brittle in winter, the coefficient of friction will be reduced, so tire pressure should not be too high but not too low. External temperature is low. Tire pressure is too low. Soft tires can seriously accelerate aging. In winter, you should always clean up the inclusions in the tread, avoid using tires that have been patched more than once, and replace the worn-out and different brands with different tread patterns. Tire wear inside and outside is very different. To ensure safety and reduce wear, it should be regularly to the tire replacement position.